Friday, November 16, 2007
Nicole Atkins - Maybe Tonight (MP3.com Live)
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PBWiki is a site that will give teachers a free wiki. A wiki is a shared website in which multiple people can contribute to the content being worked on. Wikipedia is the best known of the wikis.
Karen M. was saying that she wanted to use more technology this year. I'm all for that. Karen is always full of meaningful ideas that make the content more meaningful for the students.
About a week ago Karen and I signed up for a wiki (it takes a whopping 30 seconds or so to do it). She had a great idea for her literature groups. Sequencing and main ideas are important concepts in the grade 3 curriculum...as well as grade 4 and 5. Karen's idea was for the students to create and maintain a wiki page as they read their story. They would be required to find and list important events in their story. They were required to keep a list of events in the story.
Here is where is gets good....they could only keep a limited number. They just couldn't record each and every event. They had to list only the most important. So after a number of chapters were read the students listed 20 events that happened in the story. Then the students had to read a few more chapters, record the events, and then update the wiki. The students couldn't go over 20 events so now they have to start evaluating the importance of the events in terms of the story. If you recall, Bloom held "evaluation" in very high regard :) So with each revisiting of the list the students have to review the current list and decide what to keep, delete, and add.
I know Karen is still working thru the project, because as a student updates that wikis it automatically emails their changes. I'm not sure how the project is going since I haven't talk to Karen about it since she started, but the idea is so great I just had to share.
The district is in the process of putting up the own wiki, but I don't feel like you have to wait for us....grab a PBwiki for the time being and start posting....give your kids a real audience to write for.
In their research of schools that were raising achievement they found some common traits of those schools. Among those traits are:
· Strong Leadership
· Positive Belief and Teacher Dedication
· Data Utilization and Analysis
· Effective Scheduling
· Professional Development
· Scientifically Based Intervention Programs
· Parent Involvement
I wondered how many we have and to what degree we have them and since it has to do with school why not attempt a report card. The report goes into detail on each of the traits and defines exactly what is meant by each.
Strong leadership means that the building leader is knowledgeable about reading instruction, knows children and is up to date on best practices. A strong leader is someone who sets the course and has pointed the staff in the right direction and supports them thru the ups and downs. Change doesn’t happen overnight, but if I were to make a report card for our school on these traits I would give an A at this time..
Positive Belief and Teacher Dedication means there is a pervasive belief that all students can achieve…despite whatever barrier or obstacle is in the way….teachers believe that all students will achieve. Teachers take the extra time needed to make sure all learners meet the goal. I agree that while our teachers are extremely dedicated we as a district aren’t doing everything that might help raise achievement…. especially of those students who struggle to meet the achievement goals set by the state. I have read about schools elsewhere who have extended the learning opportunities for learners who need extra help/support outside of the school day. I’m talking supplemental work beyond the school day for students. There is no teaching intervention that works better than an experienced teacher working one on one with a student in need. We provide many wonderful specials classes at Indian Hill. While they are important to growing the whole learner, I wonder if reading support at that time might be more beneficial to a student in the long run. Report card: B
Data Utilization and Analysis means gathering and looking at all available data to improve learning. Two years ago I would have given our school a C in this area. With the addition of Pinnacle Analytics and our homegrown reading assessment I will move that grade to a B. Remember, B is not bad, it is still above average. PA is good....but we are still just using it to look at "milestone" data. We need it to house the in between state testing measures.
To truly reach the A level we need to be gathering more regular data that measures a student over time…not just on acquisition of an indicator but also on reading fluency and comprehension. If we aren’t measuring every few weeks, how do we know learning or growth is taking place…how do we identify the students that need the extra support that we have available? The Florida report recommends data being gathered several times a month. Each measurement doesn’t have to be a big blowout stop teaching assessment. It can be something as simple as a fluency test followed by comprehension questions. We are doing some of this with our reading inventories (BRI) but I don’t get the sense that they are impacting instructional decisions on a regular basis yet and they aren’t recorded for administration to review progress and right now they happen only twice per year unless a teacher chooses to go above and beyond.
Effective Scheduling means that teachers can teach reading for uninterrupted blocks of time no less than 90 minutes. Students that need intensive intervention should receive 105+ minutes of uninterrupted instruction. Also under the heading of Effective Scheduling is the teacher’s planning schedule. Teachers need to have common time to discuss intervention and their impact on student learning. This allows teachers to continue to learn from each other about different instructional practices. I have to give our school a B- on this. Although grade 5 has common planning time, we haven’t figured out a way to give all 3rd and 4th grade teachers common planning time. Some schools have accomplished this by changing the teacher’s workday (with extra pay) so that teachers can get together after school is over and continue to work on their intervention plans for the next day. The article also talks about the flexibility in grouping that needs to occur so students can move from group to group as needed. That’s right…homogenous reading groups from time to time. I hope our district takes a look at the Professional Learning Community (PLCs) practices that are showing positive results around the country. We share information and strategies...but if we can formalize the process a bit more we can gain more by making a conscious effort to do it, record it, and share it.
Professional Development for teachers needs to be ongoing and continual. New brain research is impacting the way we teach children, especially those who struggle to learn how to read. Teachers need to continually learn to hone their craft in order to be more effective with their students. There is no teacher who knows it all or can’t learn a new trick or two from effective professional development. Other professionals are responsible for staying at the top of their profession and so should teachers. Although our professional development has changed drastically (for the good) I think we are still missing out on new learning opportunities. There is much to learn and not enough time to learn, digest, and put it all together in order for it to truly more the impact in the classroom that it might. Two half days and a number of faculty meetings simply aren’t enough. The new learning needs have outgrown the model of delivery that we available to us. We need to reinvent that model of delivery. B-
Scientifically Based Intervention Programs are those that have been demonstrated by research to work…meaning they teach young people how to read. There are commercially produced intervention materials that have shown excellent results with different learners. The drawback is that these programs are expensive and take time to have impact. Last year our school purchased Academy of Reading which is one of the most researched commercial products for reading instruction. The intent of the program is to reach those students who are still struggling with phonemic awareness and decoding. Higher levels of reading such as comprehension won’t happen until students are able to READ the text in front of them. I will have to abstain from a vote in this area, since I really am not sure if what we use or are doing with our struggling readers is scientifically validated one way or another.
The last of the traits is Parental Involvement which relates to the relationship that a school/teacher have developed with a parent/family. The bottom line is: are the lines of communication open? Can parents ask questions about how to help their child? Does the teacher communicate progress on a regular basis? If someone asked me if I communicated progress on a regular basis to my parents, my default answer would be….of course I do, I post all the grades on PIV, I send home graded papers, and I fill out a report for each student. But does that really transfer to a parent knowing how well their child is doing? As a parent who is now just starting to receive this kind of communication from my own children’s school I am less sure that it provides a big enough picture. Perhaps that is because I am an educator. Last year our first grader was really struggling with the letter/sound association. Because of this he was pulled out of class and worked with a reading specialist. We would receive monthly reports, complete with graphs of his progress. This type of information was very helpful for us in terms of understanding the needs and growth of our child. The teacher was also very helpful in sending home specific assignments/activities what would help our first grader learn what he most needed. Wouldn’t it be great if all parents were able to receive that type of reports for their child…regardless of their ability? Schools might not be able to provide that level of detail…but the state via their upcoming Valued Added plans will make an attempt. The Value Added reports will be sent home to parents starting next year and parents will see if their child grew by a year in a year’s worth of schooling (at least by state standards). B+ as I think that we could still do more….especially if we begin to gather more data….we can share this data with our parents to keep them informed. I think we might also want to consider working on some professional development for our parents…..having special evening sessions in which we “teach” parents how to support the learning efforts of their child. We could grow this program by later inviting parent volunteers to come in and work in small groups with students. Once again, the value of this is creating smaller groups for the students to participate in. With appropriate training I think a parent could be very effective in providing some reading support and reinforcement in the classroom.
Social Networking comes to education…at least for the kids.
Social Networking is basically sites where users build a community and share information. MySpace and Facebook are among the largest social networking communities and sites on the net. However, there are many other types of social networks. Several years ago someone started a site called Rate My Professors. It was a place where students could go and read about a professor they might want to take for a particular class.
When I was in college we did the same thing…only my circle of people to ask was relatively small. With a social networking site like this you can get the opinions of people you don’t even know but that might still have valuable information to share. I use Amazon the same way…I read people’s reviews of products I’m thinking of buying so why not review a professor. The site was so successful that it has spawned an offshoot call Rate My Teachers. Sites like this are causing concern in the educational community. The teacher's union in the UK is even asking lawmakers to review the law to see if it is even legal for these sites are legal and if teachers deserve any special protection.
Upon finding the Ratemyteacher site I had to see if Indian Hill was listed…..it certainly was at
Fortunately the elementary students haven’t started their reviews yet, but the HS students certainly have. I'm sure it makes some people uncomfortable, but I don’t think a site like this needs to be banned as students have a right to their opinion….but it certainly does open up a whole can of worms in terms of privacy. Does someone have the right to publish information about you? RateMyTeacher does give a place for teachers to respond to postings, but how is a teacher even to know that something has even been said about them....good or bad.
If you do have a few minutes you might enjoy looking up some of your own college professors. The RateMyProfessors site even offers video segments called “Professors Strike Back” where professors can offer their own video rebuttal.
The Ohio Treasure Chest bills itself as “an online collection of thousands of websites which are high-quality, teacher-reviewed, interactive, and free. Each website is aligned directly to the Ohio Academic Content Standards in math, science, language arts, and social studies, and ready for use in your classroom.”
This site is maintained by Eric Curts of North Canton City Schools, home of the Vikings. I cannot imagine the number of hours Mr. Curts has put into this website over the years, but what a valuable resource for teachers.
What really works about this resources (besides its depth) is the way that it is organized. Mr. Curts has listed the indicators for each content area by grade level and then matched his websites to indicators. So if I am looking for a web activity to help me teach writing to 4th graders (specifically organizational strategies) I have 3 different sites that can help my students learn this indicator. What a great resource to have when you are looking for some resources to help teach a specific indicator. There is always Google….but why not start at the treasure chest first…Mr. Curts may have already done the work for you.
Next time Frank or Frannie tells you that it wasn’t their fault they failed the test you might want to listen up. This one is straight out of the files of “I can’t believe someone really studied this”. When skimming a recent issue of Newsweek I saw a brief story about a study about to be published in which it was found that people are more prone to do, prefer, or accept certain things that start with the same letter as their first initial. Huh? Research shows that people names Abby or Ben actually have a higher GPA (more As and Bs) then students whose name begins with C, D, or even F. Baseball players who name begins with a K (hello Ken Griffey, Jr.) strikeout more often than players who names begin with other letters. If that is the case, perhaps Homer Bailey shouldn’t be pitching, maybe he needs to bat cleanup….with a name like Homer.
In the previous post I mentioned using the print scr button as a way to capture what is showing on your screen. It is a great way to pull stuff off of different website or documents to use in other applications such as Powerpoint. However, when you do print screen you are capturing everything on the screen….which means you might capture something you don’t want to show such as the menubar. You can always edit out what you don’t want using a graphics program such as PaintShopPro or Fireworks (both available on our machines) but that is more work and time than you might want to invest. Wouldn’t be cool is you could capture just what you wanted. Well, you can if you have a tablet. Microsoft has put some special freebies on their website for tablet users. The products are called packs and they are free. The Snipping tool is part of the Experience pack .
Includes about six different tools ranging in usefulness. The snipping tool allows you to simply select what you can to capture just by using your stylus and drawing a line around what you want. You can then copy and paste the image, email it to someone, or do a few other things with it. It is great to use for taking notes online….just keep in mind that these are images and any text you “snip” won’t be editable since it is an image.
When visiting Country Day their tech team said this was a tool they used ALL the time and best part is that it is free.
While researching different games that can be played in the classroom I came upon several “easy” games that I think I teacher could use here and there and of course place on a website or as a Blackboard link to help students. These games are drill and practice which usually gets a bad rap…but in this case they are skills that can be practiced and enhanced with drill…i.e. mostly math.
If you search online for “educational games” you will find over 46,000,000 pages. Yikes! I’ve found a few that I think have a bit of potential if used in the right way. Many teachers are familiar with Math Mayhem. On this site you log on and practice your math by competing against other online players who are answering the same problems at the same time. Nothing like a bit of competition as incentive.
The other site that you might want to take a look at is Academic Skillbuilders.
Skillbuilders offers both Math and LA games. It looks they are adding games that have more interaction with other players….so instead of always playing against the computer, you are playing against an opponent online.
Obviously we can’t build our curriculum around games like this…but they are a nice supplement. What about making playing one of these a homework assignment? To ensure that the students actually did their work you could ask them to do a screen capture and print of several of their winning screens. All the student would need to do is hit the “print scr” button on their keyboard. The print screen button basically takes a picture of whatever is showing on the screen and places it on the clipboard. All the student would have to do is open a word processor and paste the screen capture in and print it out or better yet older students might be able to go paperless and email the Word document to you using Blackboard.
Can you imagine how excited one of your students would be to tell their parents that for homework they need to get on the computer and play games!
I will try to add more learning games in the future.
Friday, November 9, 2007
The brothers have crafted an effective acronym SUCCESs to illustrate their ideas.
Find the core of the message. Get rid of the fluff….what is the core/most important concept. From a teaching perspective I see that as your objective. I have a long unit to teach and what is the one thing I want kids to take away from the unit. What do I want them to know 2, 5, 10 years from now.
To make the idea stick or stick out you need to catch them off guard. A story is related about an airline stewardess who dances thru the safety routine because she knows the passengers have seen it many times…but she wants them to see it this time. For a teacher it might mean creating an uncomfortable feeling for the student…roleplaying something and the students don’t know it is being roleplayed. Years ago Betsy G. and Pam D. had a lesson about “taxation with representation” that started with the new rules being enforced in the class. Needless to say they had the student’s attention and caught them off guard setting up the whole representational government lesson.
Don’t teach in abstraction! The content we teach in the schools is well know by us and we forget what it is like to not have this knowledge…so we often speak and teach as if everyone has this same knowledge base. We need to push this “Curse of Knowledge” aside and recall what it was like no to know what we are trying to teach the students. As teachers we need to relearn it with the students. The more concrete we can make the content the better chance students will be able to grasp it and extend it.
As a teacher I would like to think I am credible to my kids….but are we really or are do they hear enough of us that we lose our credibility? To help boost the credibility of the information we are trying to teach the students need to hear other voices share the same ideas. That is why primary source materials are so important. That is why student work (even from previous years) can be a powerful learning aid. Teach with multiple examples to make it more “credible”. Nonexamples are sometimes just as powerful. The book shares the story of one of the most successful anti-smoking commercials in which a women dying of lung cancer shares why we shouldn’t smoke. Data/numbers are add to the credibility but we need to make the data accessible. The book How Much is Million is an excellent example of making data accessible. The book helps students understand just how big one million is by using examples such as, “if you were count from 1 to one million it would take 23 days.” An example like that makes the data ACCESSIBLE. 23 days of counting….that must be a big number.
Ideas that pull on the heart strings can be sticky. Making a math concept sticky might be tough….but the social studies curriculum is full of examples that are full of emotion. In order to appeal to the emotion we need to learn from Mother Theresa’s example in which she used individuals to help spread her message of the third world’s plight rather than speaking in terms of the huge numbers of people involved. We see this technique used rather effectively all the time on the news. We read and hear stories of large numbers of civilian Iraqis being killed in the war. However, when the story focuses on one person who was killed in the same bombing and how this person was going to market to buy food for their family the story sticks with us because we can relate…we shop and have a family…yet our lives aren’t threatened during these every day activities.
Our brains are wired for stories. For many generations history was oral….it was how we learned about our past. We are naturally drawn to a good story. History presented as facts and events are dry….but history told as a story, when done the right way can really pull students in. I can learn the facts about Charles Lindbergh’s flight across the Atlantic Ocean and how people didn’t believe it could be done and how many miles it was and how many hours it would take. But when I read Flight by Robert Burgleigh I can really begin to feel what it might have been like to fly almost blind because my extra gas tank was so large that it blocked out my front window of the plane. I can get a sense of how lonely it was to fly in the dark all alone, just hoping I was going the right way. The same thing happens in our own professional conversations (rather in the meeting room or the lunchroom) we learn from each other’s stories. We hear and commiserate with a teacher that had a rough day. We listen and gleam ideas of what works with different students. We learn thru each other’s stories.
They don’t have another S :)
I have really just scratched the surface of this book. You know what makes ideas sticky now…but to really understand you need to read the book and reflect on the ideas/case studies shared by the authors.
Last week I had the opportunity to spend a day observing and learning from the teachers at Cincinnati Country Day School. Several times a year they host a conference for teachers and administrators that want to learn more about 1-1 computer initiatives. Country Day has perhaps the most mature 1-1 (1 computer to 1 student) program in the country. Students in grades 5-12 have had their own laptops for going on 10 years. Last year they made the move from laptops to tablets. I was invited to attend the program somewhat by default….meaning no one else in the district wanted or could go. I hadn’t been to CCDS for about 12 years and I drive by it twice a day so I thought it might be fun to see what they were doing and even more fun to be off campus for a nice fall day.
Honestly my expectations weren’t all that great…because I have read some accounts of how other 1-1 environments aren’t they much different than a traditional classroom….except the kids have computers which has the potential to be a big distracter. There was even a district in upstate NY that cancelled their laptop program because it was seen as counterproductive to learning.
CCDS only has room for 30 people to attend the day and we are all pretty much crammed in a guest house they have on one side campus. We are crammed…but very comfortable. The great thing was that instead of talking about tablets, we were using the tablets. The day was masterfully planned and it was obvious they have done this many times before as it ran like a well-oiled machine. My favorite part of the day was the “dash and dart” sessions. Teachers literally busted into the room, hooked their tablet up to the projector, took a deep breath, and they let loose how they were using the tablets in their classroom. The teachers were so genuinely excited (even the 30+ year veteran) about the power of what they were doing in their classroom….and it was some powerful stuff. What really hit me about the day was that the teachers actually talked very little about the actual technology…rather they focused on the teaching and learning that was happening in their rooms….which is really what the whole idea about using technology is about. Yes, kids need to know how to use these tools for their future employment and schooling…but isn’t the teaching and learning a more immediate need? Of course it is.
Country Day has purchased a very powerful piece of software called DyKnow (http://www.dyknow.com/ ). I can’t do this product justice, but basically it allows teachers and students to share inked slides back and forth. So a student enters a classroom, logs in, and joins a teacher’s session. The student automatically receives the slides a teacher has prepared for the class. The teacher can continue to ink on the slides even when the students already have them. The students can also ink on the slide and submit to the teacher who can then look at the students work and even playback the slide from start to finish…so not only can they see the finished slide, they can see the ink going on the slide so a teacher can see where a student headed the wrong direction in a math problem. The software blew me away. At the conclusion of the day I asked their tech team how much the software cost. All he would say was that I needed to call the company. It was almost as if he had signed a non-disclosure agreement (not kidding). The most information I could get from him was….it is expensive.
I immediately went home determined to find a price (I didn’t) and see if there were comparable products. There are few other products (both open source..yeah!) that although they don’t have the same rich features still look worth considering….especially in our HS were there are some student tablets.
The University of Washington has a program under development called Classroom Presenter and the University of California at San Diego has a web-based app called Ubiquitous Presenter that is based on the Classroom Presenter app. I have downloaded both and have successfully played with both. Classroom Presenter won me over. If you would like to tinker with your own class, I would love to help you get started.
Download: Classroom Presenter
Two tips that we don’t talk enough about are backing up your data. At school, you don’t really need to worry about it since our servers are backed up nightly. You should be safe unless of course you safe work on your hard drive….don’t do that, please. You really need to be backing up at home too. I’ve found the best way to do this is to purchase one of the large external hard drives such as the Western Digital MyBook (http://www.wdmybook.com/en/ ). These are basically hard drives that sit on the outside of your computer and connect via USB. You can move them just by unplugging them in to a different machine. Many of the different brands of external drives come with free backup software. Usually a click or single button sends a copy of all of your data to the external drive. If your machine dies or hard drive dies you have a copy to pull from of all your work. An external drive will cost you anywhere from $75 and up. My 320gig drive was about $120 a year ago from Sam’s Club. I’m sure they are cheaper now.
The other tip I thought was especially good was being careful about who uses your computer. If you have a child at home you might be especially careful as they are prone to download just about anything and everything. The number #1 piece of bad software people download to get viruses are screensavers. Who can’t resist a cute screen saver of puppies or kittens? I can, because I don’t want a virus. I would strongly consider getting your child their own computer. Refurbished units can be purchased on eBay for less than $100.
The last tip shouldn’t be overlooked either. Don’t ignore the Windows updates that Microsoft is trying to force down to your machine. Usually these are for your own protection…meaning someone found a way to exploit a Windows machine and Microsoft figured out how to fix it. The updates to download are the fixes. If you aren’t sure if you are getting updates you should (in Internet Explorer) click on Tools, Windows Update and it will take you the MS site and directions will follow about what to do.
It can be done in whole group and perhaps even more effectively in small group once the students have had experience with the technique. Basically the process involves the teacher modeling the self-talk they have while reading a section of text related to summarizing, question generating, clarifying and predicting. As students become familiar with the structure of the activity there is a release of responsibility and the reciprocal part happens when the student plays the role of the teacher and has their own talk aloud with the teacher. In time the students can work together in small groups and take turns being the teacher and talking to their peers about the text as they read together. The talk would always include a running dialogue about what is happening in the text, asking questions about what isn’t understood or why certain events happen in the story, make their understanding more clear as they read (confirming predictions), and make future predictions. The technique works equally well with nonfiction and fiction text although the conversation for each type of text will be quite different.
Give it a try….
Reciprocal Teaching: A Reading Comprehension Package
Be A Careful Reader: 4 Strategies to Better Understand What You are Reading
Reciprocal Teaching Strategies Worksheet
Reciprocal Teaching Prompt Cards to Print
Reciprocal Teaching: Building Reading Comprehension
Thursday, November 1, 2007
Meeting AYP...that is pretty much what we are trying to do….and I think the measures are worth investigating. DIBELS is one of the more widely known CBM systems. The price (in this budget tight times) is certainly right. The measures were developed by the University of Oregon and they have made all materials free upon registration at their site. People don’t realize (I certainly didn’t) that DIBELS measures go up all the way to grade 6. The only thing that costs is the use of the DIBEL website which is what you can use to upload and analyze student scores. The cost is just $1 per year per student and all funds go towards funding growth of the program.